Total Foot Care .... 3401 O St .... Lincoln, NE 68510....Telephone:402.474.4766...www.lincolnfootcare.com

 

Foot Problems

Ingrown Nails
An ingrown nail is the result of a nail growing into the skin that surrounds it. This often occurs at either edge of the big toe. Ingrown nails may be caused by improper trimming, inherited nail deformities, injuries, fungal infections, or pressure.

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Thickened Nails
Abnormally thick or crumbling nails may be caused by injuries, pressure from shoes, fungal infections, or conditions such as diabetes, psoriasis, or vascular disease. Eventually, the nail may loosen and fall off.

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Black and Blue Nails
A black-and-blue nail is usually caused by sudden or repetitive injury to a toe. This might occur during sports that involve running or stopping quickly. The injury may also result from a heavy object falling on a toe. If your toe is black and blue but not injured, see your doctor immediately..

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Hammer Toes
In general, the term "hammer toe" describes a buckling of any of the toe joints. Joints at the end or middle of the toe, as well as the joint near the ball of the foot, may be affected. Toe joints usually curl because of a muscle imbalance or tight tendons. Hammer toes vary in severity and in the number of joints and toes involved.

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Diabetic Ulcers
Diabetic ulcers are sores that occur when pressure cuts off the blood supply to the skin. Stress caused by the body's weight and the impact of striking the ground place the ball of the foot, the big toe, and the heel at greater risk. Left untreated, an ulser may allow infection to enter your body. If infection reaches the bloodstream or bone, your life or limb may be at risk. But with your doctor's help, pressure ulcers can be controlled and even prevented

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Corns/Calluses
Corns and calluses are your body's response to friction or pressure against the skin. If your foot rubs inside your shoe, the affected area of skin thickens. If a bone is not in the normal position, skin caught between bone and shoe or bone and ground builds up. In either case, the outer layer of the skin thickens to protect the foot from unusual pressure. In many cases, corns and calluses look bad but are not harmful.

However, more severe corns and calluses may become infected, destroy healthy tissue, or affect foot movement. With your doctor's help, corns and calluses can be controlled.

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The plantar fascia is a ligament-like band running from the heel to the ball of your foot. This band pulls on the heel bone, raising the arch of your foot as it pushes off the ground. But if your foot moves incorrectly, the plantar fascia may become strained. The fascia may swell and its tiny fibers may begin to fray, causing plantar fasciitis.

Plantar Fasciitis if often caused by poor foot mechanics. If your foot flattens too much the fascia may overstretch and swell. If you foot flattens too little, the fascia may ache from being pulled too tight.

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Heel Spurs
These are small bony spurs that often develop on the bottom of the heel. They do not really cause any problems. Almost always the pain associated with heel spurs is really plantar fasciitis The heel spur may form in response to the plantar fascia's tug on the heel bone.

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Bunions
A bunion is generally considered as an enlargement of the joint (a lump of bone) at the base and side of the big toe. Bunions form when the toe moves out of place. As the big toe bends towards the others this lump becomes larger and the bunion can become painful. Arthritis and stiffness can eventually develop.

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